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Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah.

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Inthe Muslims launched a naval campaign against Sicily and they succeeded in capturing a large part of the island.

Later the area was settled and a mosque was erected. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Give the Muslims their rights and do not beat them lest they become abused. He is one of the authors of monothelisma seventh-century heresy, and some supposed him to have been a secret convert to Islam. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. In the final scale of allowance that was approved by Umar the main provisions were: The first Islamic invasion of the Sasanian Empire launched by Caliph Abu Bakr in was a swift conquest in the time span of only four months led by general Khalid ibn Walid.

Only persons whose annual wealth exceeded a minimum level nisab were collected from. Rashideen canal known as Maqal canal was also dug from the Tigris. Umar did not agree with this view. At the time of appointment an instrument of instructions was issued with a view to regulating the conduct of Governors.

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Rashidun Caliphate

Abu Bakr planned his strategy accordingly. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. As soon as Abu Ubaida heard the news, he gathered all his officers to plan their next move.

Al-Juwayni argued that Islam is the goal of the ummah, so any ruler that deviates from this goal must be impeached. A beginning was made with the Quraish and the Ansar and the system was gradually extended to the whole of Arabia and to Muslims of conquered lands.

It was therefore decided that instead of ad hoc division the rashiideen of the allowance to the stipend should be determined beforehand and this allowance should be paid to the person concerned regardless of the amount of the spoils.

All of the men, like Umar, were from the tribe of Quraysh.

Also of note, one of the praiseworthy names of the righteous khalifah ‘Umar ibn Abdil Azeez, the grandson of ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab, is “the fifth righteous khalifah. Most of the areas submitted without a fight. Troubles emerged soon after Muhammad’s death, threatening the unity and stability of the new community and state.

Al-Ghazali believed that oppression by a caliph is enough for impeachment. After this Ali was forced to fight the rebellious Kharijites in the Battle of Nahrawana faction of his former supporters who, as a result of their dissatisfaction with the arbitration, opposed both Ali and Mu’awiya.


On behalf of the Messenger of Allah and Islam, may Allah reward you with the best of rewards. Sunni Islamic lawyers have commented on when it is permissible to disobey, impeach or remove rulers in the Caliphate. The Rashidun army conquered North Africa from the Byzantines and even raided Spainconquering the coastal areas of the Iberian peninsulaas well as the islands of Rhodes and Cyprus. Then the question arose as to what basis should be used for placing some above others.

Non-Muslims were given legal rights according to their faiths’ law except where it conflicted with Islamic law. There were also a number of cases where caliphs had to appear before judges as they prepared to take their verdict. Suggested that a start should be made with the Caliph and he should get the highest allowance.

Rashidun – Wikipedia

For the lodging of persons suffering sentences as punishment, Jails were constructed for the first time in Muslim history. The prisoners taken in the battle informed them about Emperor Heraclius’s final effort to take back Syria.

It was rather a conspiracy rashifeen overthrow the Caliph. Many buildings were built for administrative purposes.