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The investigations in Pteridophytes probably of most interest and importance ing of apogamy and apospory, it is important to define these terms at the outset. Some of the most important characters of Pteridophytes are as follows: Apogamy and Apospory: Sometimes deviation in the regular alternation if generations. Apogamy, apospory and parthenogenesis in the Pteridophytes II Steil, W.N.. Bot Rev: This is a supplement to the review which appeared in Bot.

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This page was last edited on 8 Decemberat For androgenetic alopecia, see Pattern hair loss.

13 Important Characters of Pteridophytes – Explained!

Pteris, Nephrolepis, Drynaria etc. The sporophyte appospory be homosporous e g. Purchase Subscription prices and ordering Short-term Access To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.

Considerable confusion has resulted because diplospory is often defined to involve the megaspore mother cell only, but a number of plant families have a multicellular archesporium and the megagametophyte could originate from another archesporium cell. The life cycle is diplohaplontic which shows heteromorphic type of alternation of generations. Apospory and apogamy in a species of Tectaria.

Apomixis – Wikipedia

Apomictically produced offspring are genetically identical to the parent apkspory. Leaves may be microphyllous e. Facultative apomixis means that apomixis does not always occur, i. Here’s how it works: Consequently, there are almost as many different usages of terminology for apomixis in angiosperms as there are authors on the subject.


Botanical Journal pteridophyets the Linnean Society 62 4: In botanyapomixis was defined by Hans Winkler as replacement of the normal sexual reproduction by asexual reproductionwithout fertilization. See also androgenesis and androclinesis described below, a type of male apomixis that occurs in a conifer, Cupressus dupreziana.

Apogamy, apospory and parthenogenesis in the Pteridophytes II. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation.

Occurrence of apogamy and apospory from the capsules of Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. Meaning, General Characters and Affinities.

The gametophytes develop sex organs like antheridia male sex organs and archegonia female sex organs. Illuminating the systematics of the Spiranthes sinensis species complex Orchidaceae: Citing articles via Google Scholar. Thus “normal asexual reproduction ” of plants, such as propagation from cuttings or leaves, has never been considered to be apomixis, but replacement of the seed by a plantlet or replacement of the flower by bulbils were categorized as types of apomixis.

The sporophytes of plants of these groups may also have the ability to form a plant that looks like a gametophyte but with the ploidy level of the sporophyte, a phenomenon known as apospory. Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. In vitro production apogamy and apospory in bryophytes and their significance.

In plants with both apomictic and meiotic embryology, the proportion of the different types can differ at different times of year, [11] and photoperiod can also change the proportion. In heterosporous forms, 2 types of spores develop i.

As Jens Clausen put it [4]: Rivera Nava; Julien B. In Embryology of angiosperms. A Case Study from Polystichoid Ferns. Leaves with petiole, excised from aseptically raised plants from excised cultured buds, also exhibited apospory, while no success was achieved with the excised leaves of the parent plantS.


Although the evolutionary advantages of sexual reproduction are lost, apomixis can pass along traits fortuitous for evolutionary fitness. In some plant familiesgenera with apomixis are quite common, for example in AsteraceaePoaceaeand Rosaceae. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Agamospermy, asexual reproduction through seeds, occurs in flowering plants through many different mechanisms [5] and a simple hierarchical classification of the different types is not possible. An pteridopyytes to the embryology of the angiosperms. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve.

Natural apogamy is common in ferns like Dryopteris, Adiantum, Osmunda, Pteris etc. International Botanical Congress Abstracts Surrogate mother for endangered Cupressus “. Apogamy, apospory, and parthenogenesis in the Pteridophytes. Apospory and apogamy in A nitida. The differentiation of this gametophytic callus was conditioned by sucrose and auxin concentrations of the medium.

For English speakers, Maheshwari [8] is very influential.

13 Important Characters of Pteridophytes – Explained!

The development of sporangia may be eusporangiate from a group of cells, e. In vitro studies on apogamy apospory and controlled differentiation of rhizome segments of the fern p ampelopteris prolifera p.

The evolutionary biology of plants. Don’t already have an Oxford Academic account?